Auckland has always been an ethnically diverse society. In the last 20 years changes in migration patterns have contributed to a substantial increase in the numbers of Asian people living in Auckland. At the Census, almost a quarter 23 per cent of Auckland residents identified with an Asian ethnicity, a much higher proportion than for New Zealand as a whole at 12 per cent, and higher than recorded at the previous Census 19 per cent in The largest sub-group were those who identified as Chinese, followed by those who identified as Indian. This group includes people who have migrated from overseas as well as those born in New Zealand. The term 'Asian people' is a very broad category.
6. – Asia and New Zealand – Te Ara Encyclopedia of New Zealand
In a new book writer and curator Emma Ng says Chinese people have been here since the gold rushes of the s - but wonders what will it take for them to be fully accepted as New Zealanders. She talked to Lincoln Tan. Chinese market gardeners have undercut prices of other farmers by working too many hours for too little. Stop us if you've heard any of this before. Emma Ng has certainly heard it all before - and more. But the writer and curator says "lingering attitudes towards Asians in New Zealand" means she will always be considered an outsider to many. In , when Ng started at Victoria Avenue School in Remuera, neighbouring school Epsom Normal Primary introduced an English test to restrict the enrolment of immigrant children.
The growing economic interest in Asia during the s and s spurred efforts to encourage a better understanding of the region. New embassies were opened and funding was doubled for Asian-language training for diplomats. In colonial times Chinese commodity shops and market gardens sold a range of Asian vegetables and other foods to Chinese and non-Chinese customers.
In the New Zealand census , the term refers to a pan-ethnic group that includes diverse populations who have ancestral origins in East Asia e. Colloquial usage of Asian in New Zealand is often more specific than the Statistics New Zealand definition and excludes Indians and other peoples of South Asian descent. In the s, Chinese workers migrated to New Zealand to work in the gold mines. The modern period of Asian immigration began in the s when New Zealand relaxed its restrictive policies to attract migrants from Asia. At the census , , New Zealanders declared that they had an Asian ancestral background.